Tag: OMS


Defining Health Promotion

The first International Conference on Health Promotion was achieved in Ottawa, Canada on November 21 1986 This conference and the charter ensuing result of an international movement in favor of large-scale public health. “The health promotion aims to give people more control over their own health and more ways to improve it. To reach a […]

Defining Compliance

Adherence is the degree with which patients follow medical instructions (Sabate, 2001), a sort of balance between prescription and use. When applied to chronic diseases, the World Health Organization (2003) proposes the following definition: “the extent to which the behavior of a person to take medication, follow a diet and / or change in lifestyle […]

Defining Disease Management Education

Since 1998, the World Health Organization considers patient education as essential to the care of people with chronic disease. “The therapeutic patient education is a continuous process, integrated care and patient-centered. It includes activities organized awareness, information, learning and psychosocial counseling about the disease, the prescribed treatment, care, hospitalization and other care institutions concerned, and […]

Defining Modifiable Risk Factor

“A risk factor is any attribute, characteristic or exposure of a subject which increases the likelihood of developing a disease or suffer a trauma” (World Health Organization, 2013). For example, exposure of a person to a risk factor such as smoking increases the risk of developing lung cancer as smoking cessation reduces this risk. The […]

Defining Chronic Diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) was among the first to alert the public authorities of a growing phenomenon in all countries, developed and developing, chronic disease. These diseases cover a very broad class of health problems that can appear seemingly disparate. “Communicable diseases (HIV / AIDS) and non-communicable (cardiovascular diseases, cancer and diabetes) persistent, certain […]

Defining Quality of Life

Quality of life is a multi-factorial concept (Leplege, 1999). In its broadest sense, the World Health Organization (1994) defines it as “an individual’s perception of their position in life in the context of culture and value systems in which lives in relation to their goals, expectations, standards and concerns”. This definition encompasses both the somatic […]

Defining Health

“Health is a state of complete physical well-being, mental and social wellbeing and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” (WHO, 1946). This definition of the World Health Organization has not changed since 1946. It is the preamble to the Constitution of the World Health Organization adopted by the International Health Conference, New York […]