Tag: Evidence Based Medicine

 

Sports and Health: putting words into acts

The practice of competitive sports is prevalent in France. The associated health benefits are becoming known. A 2008 INSERM (French National Institute of Health and Medical Research) report report published under the guidance of the French Sport Ministry highlights the facts that engaging in regular, sufficiently intense physical activity is key to everyone’s health, and that the French […]

Defining Health Product

The National Security Agency of Medicines and Health Products (Agence Nationale de Securite du Medicament et des Produits de Sante) collectively referred to health products the following categories: – “Drugs, – Blood-derived drugs, – Narcotics and psychotropic – Vaccines – Cellular products for therapeutic purposes, – Gene therapy medicinal products, – Labile blood products, – […]

Defining Meta-analysis

A meta-analysis is a statistical method that combines the results of several randomized controlled trials verifying the efficacy and/or the cost/effectiveness ratio of a curative or preventive innovation on health and quality of life. The researcher conducting this meta-analysis proceeds initially to be the most comprehensive inventory (also called systematic) of articles published in scientific and […]

Defining Cost-Efficacy

Budget cuts in health and rising expectations of improved quality of care impose arbitration on treatment and prevention priorities. These choices will be increasingly based on scientific, medical and economic hard evidence and not solely on the advice of clinicians on mechanistic studies, proof of concept or cohort analyzes. We have never been a greater […]

Defining Efficacy

The highest level of evidence of efficacy of therapeutic innovation or prevention is given by a randomized controlled trial. This experimental methodology provides the most rigorous demonstration of the effect of innovation on the endpoints measured at the beginning and end of the protocol. Are there profits on (biological psychological clinics, socio-professional and/or survival) health […]

Defining Randomized Controlled Trial

The randomized controlled trial is an experimental clinical research protocol that compared a group called “intervention” testing a new therapy or new share of health prevention and a group called “review” in the (usual care) standard recommendations or taking a placebo (placebo). The assignment of participants in one group is randomly (draw). This choice can […]

Defining Interventional Research

Intervention research or clinical research involving human subjects meets a precise specifications according to the principles of Evidence Based Medicine. It relies on a particular experimental protocol called randomized controlled trial or clinical trial phase 3 This experimental applied research aims to demonstrate the effectiveness of a treatment strategy or action health prevention with a […]

Defining Evidence Based Medicine

Blog in Health relies on a central concept, the concept of Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) or evidence-based medicine in French. This concept was developed by epidemiologists of McMaster University in Canada in 1980 (Sackett et al., 2000). It calls for all medical decision based on theoretical knowledge, judgment and experience but also on scientific evidence […]

Blog In Health

Welcome to the Blog in Health Why this blog? Non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs) and health prevention programs vary greatly in terms of efficacy and cost-benefits. This wide range of results generates persistent –sometimes intentional– confusion and misconceptions, which can mislead people made vulnerable by a medical condition. Blog in Health reviews the most rigorous studies focusing on […]