“Alternative Medicine” (Schwartz, 1986), “Complementary and Alternative Medicine or CAM” (Wieland et al., 2011)”, “Complementary Medicine” (Falissard, 2016)”, “Complementary Therapies” (French Medicine Academy, 2013), “Dietary and Hygiene Solutions”, “Integrative Medicine”, “Lifestyle Medicine”, “Natural Medicine”, “Non-Drug therapeutics” (French Health Authority, 2011), “Paramedical Care”, “Supportive Care”, “Traditional Medicines” (WHO, 2013), “Unconventional Care Practices “(French Ministry of Health, 2017), Traditional, Complementary, Alternative, & Integrative Medicine and Health or TCAIMH (ISCMR, 2016)…
What if we came out of the nebula?
In 20 years, studies have isolated effective, relevant and safe methods, and distinguished them from “alternative medicines”, “FakeMedicines”, “sectarian excesses” and “occupational practices”. Scientists call them non-pharmacological interventions or NPIs (Ninot, 2013, 2019). The 2018-2022 French Health Strategy calls for better evaluation and appropriate use. NPIs have taken place in prevention, care and curative treatments alongside authorized biomedical treatments. Professionals have now better described, better validated, better targeted, better dosed, better customizable, better linked and better monitored NPIs. They are divided into 5 categories and 19 subcategories.
Publication of the Professional Guide on Non-Pharmacological Interventions (NPIs)
This book, published by Dunod in March 2019, presents the state of play of a sector in full growth worldwide. He proposes keys to understand the issues through a global, transversal and scientific analysis. It covers in 230 pages the perimeter of NPIs, the reasons for their success, their mechanisms of action, their benefits, their risk, their modes of use, their market, their evaluation and their future.
Académie Nationale de Médecine (2013). Thérapies complémentaires: Leur place parmi les ressources de soins. Paris: Académie Nationale de Médecine.
Falissard B (2016). Les “médecines complémentaires” à l’épreuve de la science. Recherche et Santé, 146, 6-7.
HAS (2011). Développement de la prescription de thérapeutiques non médicamenteuses validées. Paris: HAS.
ICCMR (2016). International Conference on Complementary Medicine Research.
Ninot G (2013). Démontrer l’efficacité des interventions non médicamenteuses: Question de points de vue. Montpellier: PULM.
Ninot G (2019). Guide professionnel des interventions non médicamenteuses. Paris: Dunod.
OMS (2013). Stratégie de l’OMS pour la médecine traditionnelle pour 2014-2023. Genève: OMS.
Ministères des Solidarités et de la Santé (2017). Pratiques de soins non conventionnelles.
Schwartz D (1986). Peut-on évaluer les médecines douces? Sciences Sociales et Santé, 4(2), 75-8.
Wieland SL, Manheimer E, Berman BM (2011). Development and classification of an operational definition of complementary and alternative medicine for the Cochrane Collaboration. Alternative Therapy and Health Medicine, 17(2), 50–59.
To reference this Blog en Sante © article
Ninot G (2019). Publication of a Non-Pharmacological Interventions Manual. Blog en Sante, A87.
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