The first International Conference on Health Promotion was achieved in Ottawa, Canada on November 21 1986 This conference and the charter ensuing result of an international movement in favor of large-scale public health. “The health promotion aims to give people more control over their own health and more ways to improve it. To reach a state of complete physical well-being, mental and social, individual, or group, must be able to identify and to realize aspirations, to satisfy needs and evolve with their environment and adapt to it. Health is therefore seen as a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living; it is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities. The promotion of health noted therefore not only the health sector: it is not confined only to advocate the adoption of lifestyles that promote good health; his ambition is the complete well-being of the individual” (Ottawa Charter, 1986). At its small scale, the Blog in Health hopes to participate in this effort to promote health.
“The promotion of health goes far beyond simple health care” (Ottawa Charter, 1986). This is a coordinated action that leads to health policy, financial and social that promote greater equity. Joint action contributes to offer goods and safer and healthier services, public services that promote health and more cleaner and more pleasant environments.
Prerequisites essential to health
Health requires a number of conditions precedent and resources. The person must be able to include housing, access to education, eat properly, have a certain income, benefit from a stable ecosystem, rely on a sustainable supply of resources, the right to social justice and treatment fair.
Campaigning for Health
“Good health is a major resource for social, economic and personal development and an important dimension of quality of life” (Ottawa Charter, 1986). Various factors – political, economic, social, cultural, environmental, behavioral and biological – can all the help or, conversely, to be interfered with. In France, the National Institute for Prevention and Health Education for Health works to promote health.
The aim of health promotion is to reduce current disparities in health status and give all individuals the means and opportunities to achieve their health potential. This implies in particular that they can rely on a favorable environment, have access to information, have in life skills to make informed choices in health and know to take advantage of opportunities offered them to opt for a healthy lifestyle. Without taking on the various parameters that determine health, people can expect to achieve their optimal health.
The urgent need to assess
“The systematic evaluation of the health effects of a rapidly changing environment, particularly in the areas of technology, labor, energy and urbanization-is essential and must be followed by action to ensure the positive nature of these effects on the health of the public “(Ottawa Charter, 1986).
The General Message
“The health promotion supports personal and social development through information, education, health and development of essential life skills. In doing so, it gives people more opportunities to control their own health and their environment and makes them better able to make informed choices “(Ottawa Charter, 1986). It is crucial to enable people to learn to cope with all stages of their lives and prepare for trauma and chronic diseases. This work must be facilitated in school, home, work and community action must be conducted through educational organizations, professionals, commercial and voluntary and the institutions themselves.
What it means for Health Professionals
As part of the health services, the task of promotion is shared among individuals, community groups, health professionals, service establishments and governments. They must work together to create a system of care for the best interests of health. Caregivers need to move towards health promotion. They must adopt a less rigid and more respectful of cultural needs broader mandate, which leads them to support individuals and groups in their quest for a healthier life and opens the way for a broader conception of the health, involving other components of social, political, economic and environmental nature (Ottawa Charter, 1986).
What it means for Researchers
Health is created and lived in various contexts of everyday life, where the individual learns, works, relaxes and lets go to show his feelings. It is the result of the care we take of ourselves and others and the ability to make decisions and control their living conditions; it requires, in addition, a society in which the right conditions to allow everyone to get to live in good health (Ottawa Charter, 1986).
What it means for Policymakers
The signatories of the Charter shall undertake to: (1) promote healthy public policy, (2) fight against the pressures for hazardous materials, the depletion of resources, conditions and frameworks unhealthy life of an unbalanced diet, (3) closing the gap in the level of health in societies and fight against inequalities due to the rules and practices of these companies, (4) recognize that individuals, and therefore their behavior, are the main health resort, (5) reorienting health services and their resources towards the promotion of health, (6) recognize that health and its maintenance as a social investment and a major challenge.
Charte d’Ottawa pour la promotion de la santé (1986). Conférence internationale pour la promotion de la santé «Vers une nouvelle santé publique». 17-21 novembre 1986, Ottawa (Canada).
Institut National de Prévention Santé et d’Education pour la Santé (2013). Site web.
To reference this Blog en Sante © article
Ninot G (2014). Definition of health promotion. Blog en Sante, L26.
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