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primaire prevention

Defining Primary Prevention

Prevention is “all measures to avoid or reduce the number and severity of illness, accident and disability” (World Health Organization, 1948). It brings together all the actions, attitudes and behaviors that tend to avoid the occurrence of a disease or a health problem and to maintain or improve health. “Primary prevention is defined as the […]

Assessing the Impact of Prevention: What possible Scientific and Actuarial Approach?

Lecture given at the 3th Meeting of Argus on 25th November 2017, Paris, France. Health prevention has become a priority in terms of therapeutic progress, ageing of the population and early detection. Talking about health promotion or awareness is not enough today. It is necessary to talk about health prevention action and to question their […]

Evidence Based Prevention

Lecture at Reavie Conference 2016, Cannes, France. The lecture details the reasons for the rise of non-pharm interventions during the current health care revolution. Research will play a major role in the next years to distinguish effective preventive interventions and those without health benefits and potential risk.   Sustainable actions of secondary and tertiary prevention inexorably through […]

A health prevention program for young couples

A clinical trial testing the effectiveness and efficiency of health prevention efforts focused on physical activity and diet with people living in a relationship for less than two years. A randomized controlled trial of Australian Dzator and colleagues, published in the Journal of Clinical Epidemiology in 2004, assesses the 12-month efficacy and cost-effectiveness of a primary prevention […]

The antioxidants in the prevention of digestive cancers

A meta-analysis shows that antioxidant supplementation does not reduce the risk of digestive cancers. A meta-analysis of Bjelakovic and collaborators published in The Lancet in 2004 testing the efficacy of antioxidant supplementation in the prevention of digestive cancers and mortality from this cancer. No benefit is obtained. Worse, it may increase mortality digestive cancer. The […]

Defining Tertiary Prevention

Prevention is “all measures to avoid or reduce the number and severity of illness, accident and disability” (World Health Organization – WHO, 1948). It brings together all the actions, attitudes and behaviors that tend to avoid the occurrence of a disease or a health problem and to maintain or improve health. Tertiary prevention “comes at […]

Defining Secondary Prevention

Prevention is “all measures to avoid or reduce the number and severity of illness, accident and disability” (World Health Organization, 1948). It brings together all the actions, attitudes and behaviors that tend to avoid the occurrence of a disease or a health problem and to maintain or improve health. Secondary prevention aims to reduce the […]

Non-Pharmacological Interventions: Asset for General Medicine

Lecture given at the 17th National Conference of Medicine General Practionners, November 22, Montpellier, France. No one is supposed to ignore the benefits and health risks of non-pharmacological interventions (NPIs), and especially not the general practitioner. It would still be necessary to have rigorous studies and to be able to consult them easily. NPIs are […]

Psychotherapy is a non-pharmacological intervention (NPI) like any other

Lecture given at the AFPSA – SFPS workshop, October 13, Psychology Department, Université de Bordeaux titled “Enjeux et défis de l’évaluation des prises en charge non médicamenteuses: recherche et intervention auprès de groupes restreints” (French). It is readily admitted that the health benefit of psychotherapy or a health prevention program depends on the professional, the participant and the context. The […]

Connected Objects: Gadget or Effective Solutions for Health?

Conference given at the “Rencontres de l’Innovation” the 27th April in Carcassonne (France). Non-implantable health digital objects invade our daily lives. They are not in the category of medical devices. Interactive pedometer measuring our number of daily steps and encouraging us to do more, telephone application to better manage a chronic illness, weighing scales, electronic […]