Synthèses d’études

 

Behavioral treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

A meta-analysis assessed the efficacy of behavioral modification techniques in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. A US meta-analysis of Fabiano and colleagues published in the Clinical Psychology Review in 2009 clarifies, based on 174 clinical trials, the effectiveness of behavioral modification techniques in children and adolescents suffering from a disorder called “attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder” (ADHD). […]

Engage to regular exercise

 A meta-analysis compared the efficacy of programs to motivate sedentary individuals to engage and maintain healthy physical activity. The English meta-analysis of Foster and colleagues published in the journal Cochrane Collaboration in 2009 compared, on the basis of 29 randomized controlled trials, different intervention strategies that engage physical activity in sedentary adults. The main result […]

Dietary Advice Prevents Type 2 Diabetes

   A meta-analysis evaluates the efficacy of personalized dietary advice on the prevention of Type 2 diabetes in people at risk. An English meta-analysis of Nield and colleagues published in the journal in 2008 Cochrane Collaboration review the efficacy of personalized advice made by a dietitian on the prevention of Type 2 Diabetes in adults at risk. […]

Changing Eating Habits and Physical Activity Prevents Type 2 Diabetes

  A meta-analysis evaluates the effectiveness of programs combining a balanced diet with regular physical activity in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. The Spanish meta-analysis of Orozco and colleagues published in the journal Cochrane Collaboration in 2009 assessed, on the basis of 8 randomized controlled clinical trials, the efficacy of a program supervised by […]

Benefits of COPD self-management programs

A meta-analysis evaluates the benefits of education program for COPD self-management on health and use of care based on the results of 14 clinical trials published between 1985 and 2006. A Dutch meta-analysis published in 2007 by Effing and colleagues published in the Cochrane Review assessed the efficacy of education programs for self-management of COPD […]

Changing lifestyles prevents Type 2 Diabetes

  A meta-analysis evidenced the efficacy of changing lifestyles in preventing type 2 diabetes. A Japanese meta-analysis published in 2005 by Yamaoka and Tango in the Diabetes Care journal evidenced the efficacy of lifestyle modification programs in preventing Type 2 Diabetes. The results showed that the risk of having Type 2 diabetes was halved for adults […]

Exercise: A New Way to Treat Depression

  A meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of exercise in alleviating depressive symptoms. In a meta-analysis published in 2008 in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Mead and Colleagues assessed the efficacy of exercise in treating people with diagnosed depression. The analysis included 23 randomized controlled trials. The results evidenced a statistical and clinical improvement of criteria associated with depression. […]

Fighting Junk Food with e-Health?

  A meta-analysis looks into the potential role of information and communication technology in the improvement of individual eating habits. A meta-analysis published by Harris and colleagues in Health Technology Assessment in 2011 assessed the efficacy of e-Health systems in improving the dietary behaviors of teenagers and adults. 43 studies were identified in the scientific and […]

Treating Type 2 Diabetes with Adapted Physical Activity

  A meta-analysis summarizes the results of all randomized controlled trials published in the literature on the efficacy of exercise in managing Type 2 Diabetes. This Australian meta-analysis published by Thomas and colleagues in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews journal in 2009 assessed the benefits of adapted physical activity programs spanning 2 to 6 […]

Improving Medication Adherence in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

  A meta-analysis compares the efficacy of medication adherence strategies in Type 2 Diabetes. Type 2 Diabetes patients who do not follow their physician’s medication prescription may suffer serious health consequences. This study identified strategies designed to improve medication adherence (also known as compliance) and compared their efficacy using meta-analysis methodology. Vermeire and colleagues published […]