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Beyond Ambiguity about Physical Activity and Cancer Treatments

Lecture given on the occasion of the 12th Congress of Canceropole Grand Sud Ouest on 24th November 2016, Grande-Motte, France. More and more healthcare professionals and patients are using unconventional practices, also called . TheseNon-Pharmacological Interventions (NPIs) range from traditional biomedical solutions (such as drugs, implantable medical devices, surgery) to everyday consumer products. This scientific, ethical […]

Brief Psychotherapy Reduces Depression Associated with Breast Cancer

A clinical study evaluated the efficacy of the desensitization and reprogramming method by Eye Movement better known by its abbreviation EMDR to reduce the severity of symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder. A German randomized controlled trial of Beutel and colleagues, published in the Annals of Oncology journal in 2014, evaluates the effectiveness of a brief psychodynamic psychotherapy […]

Reduce depression in patients with lung cancer

  A clinical trial comparing the efficacy of an integrated treatment program for depression in patients with lung cancer compared with usual care. A randomized controlled trial of English Walker and colleagues published in The Lancet in 2014 testing the effectiveness of a program combining an antidepressant treatment and psychosocial support on the severity of depression […]

What to do after the Treatment of Breast Cancer?

  A study shows the effectiveness of a therapeutic education program started after treatment of breast cancer to reduce fatigue and improve body image. A randomized controlled trial of Swedish Björneklett and colleagues published in the Journal of Psychosomatics Research in 2013 tested the benefits of a therapeutic education program for nine days with 382 […]

The antioxidants in the prevention of digestive cancers

A meta-analysis shows that antioxidant supplementation does not reduce the risk of digestive cancers. A meta-analysis of Bjelakovic and collaborators published in The Lancet in 2004 testing the efficacy of antioxidant supplementation in the prevention of digestive cancers and mortality from this cancer. No benefit is obtained. Worse, it may increase mortality digestive cancer. The […]

Exercise During Cancer Treatments

A meta-analysis showed that one and a half to two hours of physical exercise per week reduces fatigue associated with breast cancer treatment. A meta-analysis, based on 17 randomized controlled trials and published in the Annals of Oncology journal in 2013 by Carayol and colleagues, assessed the benefits of physical activity during breast cancer treatment (chemotherapy […]

Meta-analysis: essential for NPIs practice

Meta-analysis, an indispensable tool for understanding the benefits and risks of non-pharmacological interventions. More than 100 million Europeans are using alternative medicines according to the 2012 CAMBrella survey. The popularity of these medicines is growing as evidenced by bestsellers, magazine covers, television report hearings and Internet consultations. They are accessible everywhere, in hospitals, in city […]

Fasting is not a miracle treatment for now

INSERM published in 2014 an expert report on the therapeutic efficacy and safety of fasting. Gueguen and his colleagues published a 2014 INSERM report on the effectiveness and safety of fasting preventive and therapeutic. Current scientific evidence is available to conclude its effectiveness. Fasting the mechanisms are too vague and speculative. Studies have numerous methodological […]

CBT better than Mindfulness to treat insomnia

  A clinical trial proves the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a cognitive behavioral therapy over the Internet in people with social anxiety. A Swedish randomized controlled trial Hedman and colleagues, published in the journal Behaviour Research and Therapy in 2011, compares the effectiveness and economic impact of cognitive behavioral therapy over the Internet to a […]

The optimal dose of physical activity during chemotherapy

A clinical trial comparing three intensity physical activity programs and different modality from women with breast cancer and treated with chemotherapy. A Canadian randomized controlled trial of Courneya and colleagues published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute in 2013, compared the effectiveness of three physical activity programs on physical functioning, fatigue, physical condition […]