Avis de sociétés savantes

Nations must change gear against the obesity epidemic

Nations must change gear against the obesity epidemic

 

 The report underlines the urgency to curb the obesity epidemic looming 2030.

A report by the Trust for America’s Health released in 2012 and offers practical solutions to the epidemic of obesity, if left unchecked, will affect nearly half of Americans in 2030 (44%). These solutions are based primarily on behavioral change vis-à-vis food and physical activity. Everything must be done to improve eating habits and increase physical activity weekly practice among all Americans, and that not in a progressive but rapid and vigorous. Among the proposed measures, the report calls for retaining prevention programs with the best cost / effectiveness and have been demonstrated by randomized controlled trials report.


The Report Rationale

The American report of the Foundation Trust for America’s Health released in 2012 is based on a simulation of the health, social and economic consequences in the United States of obesity in 2030 in front of the magic of these consequences, the report proposes radical ways to curb the phenomenon whose causes are multifactorial (junk food, physical inactivity, insecurity…).

The causes of obesity are multifactorial (unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, smoking, insecurity…). The current measures are insufficient to curb this epidemic. Health, social and economic consequences will be dramatic over the coming years.

The Question

Stemming the obesity epidemic in the United States?

The Method

The report by experts reported on published knowledge in the scientific and medical literature. It is interesting that this is neither a learned society or a health authority, just supported by a foundation advocating for a national cause organization.

Main Results

If nothing is done by 2030, the American population will increase from 30 to 44%% obese. Thirteen states will be more than 60%! The number of diseases will be multiplied, 26,573 new cases of cardiovascular disease and strokes per 100,000 people, 24,923 new cases of hypertension per 100,000 people, 18,725 new cases of arthritis per 100,000 people, 12,127 new cases of type 2 per 100,000 people, and 3,781 new cases of cancer per 100,000 people diabetes. USA 43 50 rise on their health expenditure of 10 to 20%. The report recommends improving eating habits and increasing daily physical activity among all Americans, and that not in a progressive but rapid and significant. Among the proposed measures, the report calls for retaining prevention programs most cost / effective that could be demonstrated by randomized controlled trials.

The report recommends improving eating habits and increasing daily physical activity among all Americans, and that not in a progressive but rapid and significant.


What it means for Patients

Improve the way you eat and you move became a national cause in the United States. Without this awareness and radical decisions, the country runs the health, social and economic disaster in the next twenty years as the forecasters on which that underpins the report say.

What it means for Healthcare Professionals

All communities must feel involved in what became the national cause obesity prevention: politicians, educators, manufacturers, insurers, journalists … The change should not be gradual, but radical to prevent a health and social disaster.

What it means for Researchers

This report is based in particular on the publication of Wang et al. (Wang YC, McPherson K, Marsh T, Gortmaker SL, Brown M, Health and Economic Burden of the Projected obesity trends in the USA and the UK. The Lancet, 2011, 27, 378, 815-825). Among the proposed measures, the report calls for the completion of randomized controlled trials comparing prevention programs in order to generalize the most cost / effective.

What it means for Policymakers

Obesity gains ground in all countries. All communities should be concerned with the problem of obesity that is caused to project only the health sector: politicians, educators, manufacturers, insurers, journalists … The report recommends conducting randomized controlled trials testing programs prevention in order to generalize the most cost / effective.


The reference

Trust for America’s Health (2012). F as in fat : How obesity threatens America’s future. Washington: Trust for America’s Health.


To reference this Blog en Sante © article.

Ninot G (2014). Nations must change gear against the obesity epidemic. Blog en Sante, A17.

© Copyright 2014 Grégory Ninot. All rights reserved.

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